Should More Development Be Allowed In Cleveland National Forest?

Above: A meadow covered in wildflowers in the Cleveland National Forest in San Diego County.

Above: A meadow covered in wildflowers in the Cleveland National Forest in San Diego County.

A proposal to allow more development on private lands within the Cleveland National Forest has split the San Diego County Board of Supervisors.

The new plan would replace the Forest Conservation Initiative, passed by voters in 1993. That initiative, which has now expired, allowed one house per 40 acres on private land within the forest boundaries.

The proposal before the supervisors would allow more development on some properties and make development “more difficult on others.” More than 70,000 acres of rural private land would be affected by the new zoning.

The supervisors listened to several hours of testimony from private land owners and people concerned about increased fire risk, decreasing groundwater and forest conservation. William Metz, forest supervisor with the Cleveland National Forest, was worried about potential changes around Alpine, where the community could double in size.

“The Cleveland National Forest lands in this area are heavy with fuel loadings that make them particularly hazardous from a fire suppression standpoint,“ Metz said. “The congressionally mandated Pine Creek wilderness lies directly to the east of this area. Increased development would potentially have an impact on this wilderness character. Additionally, groundwater withdrawal could also affect water resources for the National Forest.”

(Note: the “groundwater withdrawal” should raise a red flag for everyone in and around the Cleveland National Forest).

Cleveland National Forest, private land shown in brown.

Cleveland National Forest, private land shown in brown.

The map above will guide future development in rural areas. It is intended to bring the land into line with San Diego County’s overall general plan for growth.

The county’s Planning Commission recommendations, based on consulting with communities and land owners, would allow for even more development than the staff recommendations.

In the end, four out of five Supervisors agreed to tell staff to work on an environmental impact report using options based on staff and planning commission recommendations. Those options would be compared to the impacts of reverting to land-use guidelines BEFORE the Forest Initiative passed.

Using the old guidelines instead of those in the initiative creates a context where the staff and planning commission recommendations “appear to be an improvement,” in terms of limiting development.

Supervisor Dianne Jacob was part of the board majority.

Supervisor Dianne Jacob with district map“No final decisions have been made” Jacob said. “A lot’s going to depend on the development of that final environmental document, what those impacts are.“

But Supervisor Dave Roberts, the newest member of the board and the only Democrat, voted against the options included in the environmental report. He took a stand with environmental groups that wanted to maintain the protections in the Forest Conservation Initiative, known as the FCI.

“I think that by not analyzing FCI as the baseline here and showing voters the difference, that this will be a costly mistake that the board will have made,” Roberts said.

The Cleveland National Forest Foundation wants the minimum 40 acre lot size to be the third option on the table. The foundation’s Jack Shu argued that two-thirds of San Diegans voted to preserve the forest 20 years ago and that plan should be used as the yardstick for any changes.

A lawsuit filed by the foundation in 2012 derailed a regional transportation plan that did not meet state standards for reducing greenhouse gases that contribute to global warming.

The group believes allowing more development in the forest lands would also contribute to climate change.

Staff agreed to return to the board with an environmental impact report this winter.



Policies & Procedures | Documents – SanGIS

Forest Conservation Initiative Lands (FCI) – County of San

Cleveland National Forest needs protection – San Diego

Cleveland National Forest Foundation

Revoking the Cleveland National Forest’s ‘Death Sentence

misinterpreting the sunset clause – Save Our Forest and

Development In Cleveland


Forest Conservation Initiative Appendix – County of San Diego

Sierra Club Joins Lawsuit to Challenge San Diego’s

Advocates push SANDAG for transit-first policy

Upzone for two DeLuz parcels slated for EIR :: The Fallbrook


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